Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening

Fluorescent substrates useful as high-throughput screening tools for ADAM9.

PMID 20015014


Fluorescence resonance energy transfer substrates were designed and tested as substrates for ADAM9. The donor/quencher pair used were 5-carboxy fluorescein (Fam) and 4-(4-dimethyl-aminophenylazo)benzoyl (Dabcyl) since they have been well studied sensitive fluorescent probes. The peptides based on precursor TNF-alpha, Dabcyl-Ser-Pro-Leu-Ala-Gln-Ala-Val-Arg-Ser-Ser-Lys(Fam)- NH2 and Dabcyl-Leu-Ala-Gln-Ala-HomoPhe-Arg-Ser-Lys(Fam)- NH2, and C-terminal TGF-alpha, Dabcyl-Glu-His-Ala-Asp-Leu-Leu-Ala-Val-Val-Ala-Ala-Lys(Fam)- NH2 cleavage sites were effectively processed by ADAM9 with turnover numbers of 100 +/- 20 x 10(-2) min(-1), 20 +/- 10 x 10(-2) min(-1), and 10 +/- 3 x 10(-2) min(-1). In addition, a peptide based on the 33 kDa cleavage site of the low affinity receptor for IgE, CD23, Dabcyl-Leu-Arg-Ala-Glu-Gln-Gln-Arg-Leu-Lys-Ser-Lys(Fam)- NH2 was processed as well but with less efficiency. A more selective substrate for ADAM9 was found based on the betacellulin cleavage site. However, the valine containing precursor TNF-alpha based substrate was used to measure IC50 values of metalloproteinase inhibitors against ADAM9 since it was processed the most efficiently. The tightest binding inhibitor was the Wyeth Aerst compound, TMI-1, with an IC50 of 2.1 +/- 0.3 nM. In addition, GI254023, previously identified as a selective inhibitor of ADAM10, also inhibited ADAM9 with an IC50 of 280 +/- 110 nM. These results demonstrate that sensitive substrates for ADAM9 can be developed that are useful in high-throughput screening assays for ADAM9.

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SCP0007 ADAM substrate, ≥95% (HPLC)