Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Int6 and Moe1 interact with Cdc48 to regulate ERAD and proper chromosome segregation.

PMID 20016281


Int6/eIF3e is implicated in tumorigenesis, but its molecular functions remain unclear. We have studied its fission yeast homolog Yin6, reporting that it regulates proteolysis by controlling the assembly/localization of proteasomes, and binds directly to another conserved protein, Moe1. In the present study, we isolated Cdc48 as a Moe1-binding protein from a yeast two-hybrid screen, and confirmed biochemically that they form a stable complex in fission yeast. Overexpressing Moe1 or Yin6 partially rescued phenotypes of cdc48 mutants; conversely, overexpressing Cdc48 partially rescued phenotypes of moe1 or yin6 mutants. Mutants defective in both Cdc48 and the Yin6-Moe1 complex showed growth defects that were far more severe than either alone. These double mutants were severely deficient in endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD), as they were hypersensitive to accumulation of misfolded proteins. In addition, their chromosomes showed frequent defects in spindle attachment and segregation--these mitotic defects correlated with Ase1 and Bir1/survivin mislocalization. These results suggest that Cdc48, Yin6 and Moe1 act in the same protein complex to concertedly control ERAD and chromosome segregation. Many of these properties are evolutionarily conserved in humans, since human Cdc48 rescued the lethality of the yeast cdc48Delta mutant, and Int6 and Moe1/eIF3d bind Cdc48 in human cells.