The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism

The sulfaphenazole-sensitive pathway acts as a compensatory mechanism for impaired nitric oxide availability in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Effect of surgical treatment.

PMID 20022989


The aim of this study was to assess whether patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) show reduced endothelial function and to determine the mechanisms involved. The impact of parathyroidectomy (PTx) on endothelial function was also assessed. Endothelial dysfunction is reported in patients with PHPT, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. We evaluated forearm blood flow changes (strain gauge plethysmography) induced by intraarterial acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside in 17 PHPT women and 17 age-matched controls. Nitric oxide (NO) availability and oxidative stress were studied by repeating acetylcholine during intraarterial infusion of L-N(G)-monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA, a NO synthase inhibitor) and ascorbic acid (an oxidative stress scavenger). The role of cytochrome P450 epoxygenase (CYP 2C9)-derived endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) was assessed by repeating acetylcholine under intraarterial sulfaphenazole. In six PHPT patients, the study was repeated 12 months after successful PTx. Responses to sodium nitroprusside and acetylcholine were similar in PHPT patients and controls. L-NMMA inhibited the response to acetylcholine in controls (P < 0.001), whereas it had no effect in PHPT patients. In both groups, ascorbic acid failed to affect acetylcholine. Sulfaphenazole administration, although not affecting vasodilation to acetylcholine in controls, blunted the response to acetylcholine in PHPT patients (P < 0.005). After PTx, the inhibitory effect of L-NMMA on acetylcholine was restored (P < 0.001), and the inhibitory effect of sulfaphenazole on acetylcholine was abrogated. PHPT patients show compromised NO availability, whereas oxidative stress generation is not involved. A compensatory CYP 2C9-derived EDHF pathway is activated to sustain endothelium-dependent vasodilation. This PHPT-related endothelial dysfunction is reversed after PTx.

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Sulfaphenazole, ≥98% (HPLC)