The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy

Tigecycline resistance in Serratia marcescens associated with up-regulation of the SdeXY-HasF efflux system also active against ciprofloxacin and cefpirome.

PMID 20051474


Efflux by RND-type transporters is known to confer resistance to tigecycline in several Enterobacteriaceae species and we examined the potential of this mechanism in Serratia marcescens using a clinical isolate and laboratory-selected mutants. Expression of RND-type efflux pump genes was analysed by real-time RT-PCR. Laboratory mutants were selected by exposure to either tigecycline or tetracycline in vitro. Efflux pump genes were inactivated by suicide plasmids containing the R6K gamma origin of replication. Higher tigecycline MICs correlated with elevated expression of the RND-type efflux pump genes sdeXY. Inactivation of sdeY or the outer membrane component gene hasF reduced MICs of tigecycline, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and cefpirome to below those for strain NCTC 10211. A tetracycline-selected laboratory mutant also showed increases in sdeXY expression and tigecycline MIC. Up-regulation of endogenous SdeXY-HasF-mediated efflux is associated with tigecycline resistance in S. marcescens along with MIC rises for tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and cefpirome. Inactivation of this efflux system reduced MICs of those compounds to below those for strain NCTC 10211.