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Journal of biomaterials science. Polymer edition

Polyoctanediol citrate/sebacate bioelastomer films: surface morphology, chemistry and functionality.


PMID 20092687

Abstract

Elastomeric polyesters synthesized from non-toxic and biocompatible reactants are topical research materials for tissue-engineering applications. In such applications, the morphology, chemistry and functionality of the materials surfaces play a key role. While a number of papers have focused and reported on the fabrication and biological evaluation of elastic polyesters, only a few have attempted to characterise the surfaces of such materials. In this paper, we report on the preparation and surface characterization of films of a co-polyester bioelastomer, polyoctanediol citrate/sebacate (p(OCS)). The co-polymer was synthesized following the standard procedure of polyesterification using three non-toxic monomers (1,8-octanediol, citric acid and sebacic acid) in a catalyst-free environment. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to monitor the chemical composition of the various p(OCS) elastomers. The p(OCS) films, prepared by both spin-coating and solvent casting of the p(OCS) pre-polymer solutions, were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, UV-Vis titration, photo-acoustic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and tested for their cytocompatibility. The results obtained suggest that the surface morphology, chemistry and the concentration of the surface functional groups can be controlled by simply varying the initial acid concentration (citric/sebacic acids) in the pre-polymer. The films supported the attachment and proliferation of osteoblast-like cells (MG63). This unique approach provides an effective method of controlling and monitoring the fundamental p(OCS) surface properties important for their potential utilisation as a tissue-engineering material.

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