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Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Influence of subject age on the inhibition of oxidative metabolism by ciprofloxacin.


PMID 2014968

Abstract

Case reports suggest that the magnitude of inhibition of oxidative metabolism produced by ciprofloxacin may be greater in elderly subjects. We examined the effect of oral ciprofloxacin on antipyrine disposition in 13 young (ages, 23 to 34 years) and 9 elderly (ages, 65 to 82 years) healthy volunteers. Ciprofloxacin decreased antipyrine oral clearance in young and elderly subjects (P less than 0.05), with the average decreases being similar in both groups (23.3% for the young subjects and 27.9% for the elderly subjects). Ciprofloxacin concentrations in serum were significantly higher (mean, 57%) in the elderly. The formation clearance of 4-hydroxyantipyrine and 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine was also significantly decreased in both groups of subjects; however, norantipyrine formation, accounting for 15 to 20% of antipyrine clearance, was reduced only in the elderly. These results suggest that elderly subjects are not more sensitive to the inhibitory effect of ciprofloxacin on antipyrine metabolism. However, careful clinical monitoring is necessary with all patients, irrespective of age, taking ciprofloxacin concomitantly with drugs primarily eliminated by the cytochrome P-450 system.

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109428
4-Hydroxyantipyrine, 99%
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