Biochemical medicine and metabolic biology

Membrane alterations in G6PD- and PK-deficient erythrocytes exposed to oxidizing agents.

PMID 2015106


After in vitro treatment of normal, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient or pyruvate kinase-deficient human erythrocytes with three different oxidizing agents, the extent of lipid peroxidative degradation and the alterations of membrane proteins were evaluated. Exposure to tert-butylhydroperoxide induced, most markedly in G6PD- and PK-deficient erythrocytes, a reduction of protein bands 1, 2, 2.1, 3, 4.1, 4.2, and 5, with the appearance of high-molecular-weight aggregates and of "new" polypeptide components in the 29- to 23-kDa region and with a marked increase of membrane-bound globin. Malonyldialdehyde production was highest in G6PD-deficient cells and relatively low in PK-deficient ones. Methylene blue, which had similar but less relevant effects on lipid peroxidation, in G6PD-deficient erythrocytes caused a conspicuous appearance of high-molecular-weight aggregates and a simultaneous relevant decrease of bands 1 and 2 and of membrane-bound globin; it brought about an almost opposite effect in PK-deficient red cells. Acetylphenylhydrazine, which under our conditions appeared the mildest agent, failed, in normal and PK-deficient erythrocytes, to increase malonyldialdehyde production or to alter membrane proteins, whereas it caused, in G6PD-deficient cells, a slight decrease of bands 1 and 2, a more pronounced decrease of band 3, and a marked increase of bands 4.5 and 4.9.

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1-Acetyl-2-phenylhydrazine, ≥98%