Inorganic chemistry

Copper/alpha-ketocarboxylate chemistry with supporting peralkylated diamines: reactivity of copper(I) complexes and dicopper-oxygen intermediates.

PMID 20218646


To further understand copper-promoted oxidation reactions, the Cu(I) complexes LCuX (L = N,N'-di-tert-butyl-N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine; X = benzoylformate (BF) or p-nitro-benzoylformate) were synthesized, fully characterized by X-ray crystallography and spectroscopy in solution, and their reactivity with O(2) at -80 degrees C examined. Oxidative decarboxylation of the alpha-ketocarboxylate ligand was observed, but only to a significant extent when cyclohexene, cyclooctene, or acetonitrile was present. Spectroscopic and conductivity data are consistent with mechanistic postulates involving displacement of the alpha-ketocarboxylate by the additives to a small extent, followed by oxygenation of the LCu(I) moiety to yield copper-oxygen species that subsequently induce decarboxylation. To test these hypotheses, spectroscopic and kinetic studies of the reactions of Bu(4)NBF with preformed mu-eta(2):eta(2)-peroxodicopper(II) and/or bis(mu-oxo)dicopper(III) complexes supported by L or N,N,N',N'-tetramethylpropylenediamine were performed. In an illustration of a new mode of reactivity for such dicopper-oxygen cores, decarboxylation of the added alpha-ketocarboxylate was observed and the intermediacy of a carboxylate-bridged mu-eta(2):eta(2)-peroxodicopper(II) complex was implicated.