Biochimica et biophysica acta

Pyrene derivatives as markers of transbilayer effect of lipid peroxidation on neuronal membranes.

PMID 2025635


Two different pyrene derivatives, namely 12-(1-pyrene)dodecanoic acid (P12-FA) and N-(12-(1-pyrene)dodecanoyl)-galactosylsphingosine I3-sulfate (P12-CS) have been used to follow lipid peroxidation both in model and natural membranes. The malondialdehyde (MDA) production in small unilamellar vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/arachidonic acid (80:20, molar ratio), symmetrically labelled with both probes determined a progressive decrease of pyrene fluorescence due to an involvement of pyrene in the peroxidative reaction. Nervous membranes are particularly sensitive to lipid oxidation which differentially acts on the two layers of the membrane determining a greater rigidity of the exofacial one. Thus, we consider the possibility to asymmetrically introduce the pyrene ring, as P12-FA or P12-CS, in synaptosomes for monitoring lipid peroxidation in each layer of the membrane. The amount of the two probes incorporated in the membrane was 20 +/- 3 and 10 +/- 2 nmol/mg of protein for P12-FA and P12-CS, respectively. P12-FA was symmetrically distributed in the two layers, whereas 95% of P12-CS was incorporated in the exofacial layer of the membrane as determined by TNBS measurements. The decrease in fluorescence of synaptosome associated pyrene was, in the early stages of lipid peroxidation, greater for P12-CS than for P12-FA labelled membranes, indicating a greater susceptibility of the exofacial layer to iron-induced peroxidation.

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1-Pyrenedodecanoic acid, suitable for fluorescence, ≥98.0% (HPLC)