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PMID 20301610

Abstract

Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) deficiency is associated with a broad phenotypic spectrum. Based on severity of symptoms/signs as well as responsiveness to levodopa therapy, clinical phenotypes caused by pathogenic variants in The diagnosis of TH deficiency is established in a proband by identification of biallelic pathogenic variants in TH deficiency is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Heterozygotes (carriers) are generally asymptomatic. At conception, each sib of an affected individual has a 25% chance of being affected, a 50% chance of being an asymptomatic carrier, and a 25% chance of being unaffected and not a carrier. Carrier testing for at-risk relatives and prenatal diagnosis for pregnancies at increased risk are possible if both