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Epilepsy research

Involvement of histamine 1 receptor in seizure susceptibility and neuroprotection in immature mice.


PMID 20359868

Abstract

The central histaminergic neuronal system is a powerful modulator of brain activity, and its functional disturbance is related to e.g. epilepsy. We have recently shown in the slice culture system that histaminergic neurons attenuate kainic acid (KA)-induced epileptiform activity and neuronal damage in the hippocampus through histamine 1 (H1) receptors. We now further examined the role of H1 receptors in the regulation of KA-induced seizures and neuronal damage in immature 9-day-old H1 receptor knock out (KO) mice. In the H1 receptor KO mice, behavioral seizures were significantly more severe and duration of seizures was significantly longer when compared to the wild type (WT) mice at the KA dose of 2mg/kg. Moreover, neuronal damage correlated with seizure severity, and it was significantly increased in the thalamus and retrosplenial granular cortex (RGC) of the KO mice. The H1 receptor antagonist triprolidine treatment supported these findings by showing significantly increased seizures severity and neuronal damage in the septum, thalamus, CA3 region of the hippocampus, and RGC in the KA-treated WT mice. Our present novel findings suggest that H1 receptors play a pivotal role in the regulation of seizure intensity and duration as well as seizure-induced neuronal damage in the immature P9 mice.

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T6764
Triprolidine hydrochloride, ≥99%
C19H22N2 · HCl