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Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]

[The effect of 2,5-hexanedione on nerve growth factor in sciatic nerve of rats and VSC4.1 cell].


PMID 20388358

Abstract

To explore the effect of 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD) on the levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) in sciatic nerve of rats and motor-neurons. A total of 50 Wistar rats were randomly designed into five groups and intoxicated with 400 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1) 2,5-HD for 0, 7, 14, 21, 28 d. Immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR were used to detect the levels of NGF and NGF mRNA. Motor neuron VSC4.1 cells were administrated with 0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 mmol/L 2,5-HD for 24 h and 10.0 mmol/L 2,5-HD was chosen to intoxicated VSC4.1 cells for 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 h respectively. Immunofluorescence technique was selected to detect the levels of NGF. The NGF level in sciatic nerve of rats administrated with 400 mgxkg(-1)xd(-1) 2,5-HD showed increase tendency at begin and then decrease after exposure. The NGF mRNA level in 14 d (2(-DeltaDeltaCt)= 3.46), 21 d (2(-DeltaDeltaCt)= 5.28) and 28 d (2(-DeltaDeltaCt)= 3.10) were higher than those in 0 d (2(-DeltaDeltaCt)= 1) and 7 d (2(-DeltaDeltaCt)= 0.78). In vitro tests of VSC4.1 cells showed that NGF levels in 5.0 mmol/L (43.24 +/- 7.52), 10.0 mmol/L (43.48 +/- 10.86) and 20.0 mmol/L (63.13 +/- 10.68) were higher than those in 0 mmol/L (16.32 +/- 4.20)(q values were 19.92, 19.72, 32.78, respectively, P < 0.01) and 2.5 mmol/L (19.78 +/- 2.66) (q values were 17.50, 17.42, 30.63, respectively, P < 0.01) in 24 h and the NGF level in 20.0 mmol/L was higher than those in 5.0 mmol/L (q = 13.04, P < 0.01) and 10.0 mmol/L (q = 11.71, P < 0.01). The NGF levels of VSC4.1 cells with 10.0 mmol/L 2,5-HD in 6 h (18.66 +/- 2.89), 12 h (23.14 +/- 6.08), 24 h (27.66 +/- 6.11) and 48 h (17.25 +/- 3.05) were increased compared with that in 0 h (10.18 +/- 1.81) (q values were 9.64, 15.74, 21.76, 8.50, respectively, P < 0.01), 1 h (9.31 +/- 1.28) (q values were 10.28, 16.17, 21.95, 9.20, respectively, P < 0.01) and 3 h (10.44 +/- 2.13) (q values were 9.25, 15.24, 21.17, 8.10, respectively, P < 0.01), and NGF levels in 12 h and 24 h increased compared with those in 6 h (q values were 5.24, 10.77, respectively, P < 0.01) and 48 h (q values were 7.31, 13.26, respectively, P < 0.01). 2,5-HD could increase NGF levels in sciatic nerve of rats and motor-neurons, and the dose or time dependent effects were observed in this study.

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