American journal of clinical pathology

Estimation of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide concentrations in plasma using mathematical equations generated with two carbamazepine immunoassays.

PMID 20395519


Carbamazepine is metabolized to an active metabolite known as carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide, or simply the "epoxide" metabolite. The presence of this metabolite can have clinically significant implications in therapeutic drug monitoring of carbamazepine, but accurate quantification of the epoxide metabolite is currently limited to chromatographic techniques. In this study, mathematical equations are proposed for the estimation of carbamazepine and epoxide metabolite concentrations based on values generated by common carbamazepine immunoassays. Three immunoassays were studied: particle-enhanced turbidimetric inhibition immunoassay (PETINIA, Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Deerfield, IL), ADVIA Centaur (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics), and a cloned enzyme donor immunoassay (CEDIA; Roche, Indianapolis, IN). Equations were based on observed cross-reactivity of epoxide with the PETINIA (average, 96.2%; range, 86.6%-105.7%) and epoxide cross-reactivity with the ADVIA Centaur assay (average, 6.5%; range, 5.3%-7.7%). In addition, equations were developed using average cross-reactivity of epoxide with the PETINIA and with the CEDIA. Values determined by calculation correlated well with carbamazepine and epoxide concentrations in supplemented and patient samples, for which values of carbamazepine (2.2-12.0 microg/mL [9-51 micromol/L]) and the epoxide metabolite (0.6-2.4 microg/mL) were also verified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.