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Life sciences

Disturbance of mitochondrial energy homeostasis caused by the metabolites accumulating in LCHAD and MTP deficiencies in rat brain.


PMID 20399795

Abstract

We investigated the in vitro effects of 3-hydroxydodecanoic (3HDA), 3-hydroxytetradecanoic (3HTA) and 3-hydroxypalmitic (3HPA) acids, which accumulate in tissues of patients affected by mitochondrial trifunctional protein (MTP) and isolated long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiencies, on various parameters of energy homeostasis in mitochondrial preparations from brain of young rats. We measured the respiratory parameters state 4, state 3, respiratory control ratio (RCR) and ADP/O ratio by the rate of oxygen consumption, as well as the mitochondrial membrane potential and the matrix NAD(P)H levels in the presence of the fatty acids. We found that 3HDA, 3HTA and 3HPA markedly increased state 4 respiration and diminished the RCR using glutamate plus malate or succinate as substrates. 3HTA and 3HPA also diminished the mitochondrial membrane potential and the matrix NAD(P)H levels. In addition, 3HTA decreased state 3 respiration using glutamate/malate, but not pyruvate/malate or succinate as substrates. Our data indicate that the long-chain 3-hydroxy fatty acids that accumulate in LCHAD/MTP deficiencies act as uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation, while 3HTA also behaves as a metabolic inhibitor. It is presumed that impairment of brain energy homeostasis caused by these endogenous accumulating compounds may contribute at least in part to the neuropathology of LCHAD/MTP deficiencies.

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