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Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

Stereoselective determination of venlafaxine and its three demethylated metabolites in human plasma and whole blood by liquid chromatography with electrospray tandem mass spectrometric detection and solid phase extraction.


PMID 20435422

Abstract

A stereoselective method is described for simultaneous determination of the S- and R-enantiomers of venlafaxine and its three demethylated metabolites in human plasma and whole blood samples. This validated method involved LC/MS/MS with positive electrospray ionization and solid phase extraction. Chromatographic separation was performed on a 250 mm x 2.1mm Chirobiotic V column with a total run time of 35 min. In plasma, calibration curves were in the range of 1-1000 nM for the S- and R-enantiomers of venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine, and 0.5-500 nM for N-desmethylvenlafaxine and N,O-didesmethylvenlafaxine. In whole blood the corresponding concentrations were 10-4000 and 5-2000 nM, respectively. The intra-day precision was <6.3% and the inter-day precision was <9.9% for plasma and <15% and <19% for whole blood. LLOQ ranged between 0.25 and 0.5 nM. No ion suppression/enhancement or other matrix effects were observed. The method was successfully applied for determination of venlafaxine and its metabolites in plasma from patients and whole blood samples from forensic autopsy cases.