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Journal of prosthodontics : official journal of the American College of Prosthodontists

Evaluation of the abrasiveness of dentifrices for complete dentures.


PMID 20456027

Abstract

This study analyzed the surface roughness and weight loss in Plex Glass specimens caused by dentifrices, one conventional (Sorriso) and three specific for dentures. Specimens (n = 6) of Plex Glass were divided into 5 groups including: negative control (water); positive control 1 (Sorriso) and 2 (Corega Brite); Experimental 1 (containing Chloramine T, antimicrobial agent); and Experimental 2 (containing Zonyl, detergent). Brushing was performed in a toothbrushing machine (Pepsodent) with a soft brush and a suspension of toothpaste and distilled water for 300 minutes, representing 6 years of brushing. Weight was measured initially and after the trial period; roughness was measured after the trial period only. The results of roughness and weight loss were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey tests at 5%. The negative control (2.82 +/- 4.41 mg) showed the lowest weight loss. Experimental 1 (13.62 +/- 4.29 mg) and Experimental 2 (15.4 +/- 5.80 mg) were equal statistically, and Sorriso (23.22 +/- 7.23 mg) and Corega (28.83 +/- 6.34 mg) produced the greatest weight loss. Concerning roughness, the negative control group (0.03 +/- 0.01 microm) showed the lowest value. No significant differences were found between Corega (13.43 +/- 1.65 microm), Experimental 1 (12.28 +/- 0.85 microm), and Experimental 2 (10.68 +/- 2.56 microm). The Sorriso toothpaste produced the greatest amount of surface roughness (19.15 +/- 2.36 microm). Of the tested dentifrices, the experimental preparations proved to be the least abrasive and resulted in the lowest weight loss after brushing of the acrylic. Based on these findings, the use of these experimental dentifrices is advocated. Further evaluation based on the ability of these preparations to remove biofilms is required.