Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene

Effect of pre-treatment of ovine sperm on male pronuclear formation and subsequent embryo development following intracytoplasmic sperm injection.

PMID 20456664


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of various methods of sperm pre-treatment on male pronuclear (MPN) formation and subsequent development of ovine embryos derived from in vitro-matured oocytes and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The effect of treatment of injected oocytes with dithiothreitol (DTT) on embryo development was also assessed. In Exp. 1, the injected oocytes with non-treated sperm were activated with three different procedures. The cleavage and blastocyst rates in those activated with DTT was lower (p<0.05) than those activated with either ionomycin (Io) +6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) or DTT + I + 6-DMAP. In Exp. 2, the effects of sperm pre-incubated with DTT, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) or DTT + SDS as well as two-time frozen/thawed sperm (without cryoprotectant) on MPN formation and oocyte activation were examined. The non-treated sperm served as controls. The MPN formation in DTT + SDS group was higher (p<0.05) than other groups except for freeze-thaw group. No difference in the rate of activated ICSI oocytes was observed among groups. In Exp. 3, the effect of pre-treatment of sperm on subsequent development of ICSI embryos and blastocyst cell numbers were examined. The rates of cleavage and blastocyst formation as well as the blastocyst cell numbers were similar among the pre-treated and control groups. In conclusion, pre-treatment of sperm with DTT + SDS positively affected MPN formation, although the subsequent development capacity of the resulting embryos remained limited. Moreover, DTT was not effective on oocyte activation compared with Io + 6-DMAP after ICSI.