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The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences

Activation of wound healing in aged rats by altering the cellular mitogenic potential.


PMID 20457578

Abstract

We previously showed that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and an adenylyl cyclase inhibitor (ACI) stimulate mitogenic activation of senescent human diploid fibroblasts. Because the modulation of cell proliferation may affect wound healing in aged organisms, we studied the effects of LPA and ACI on in vivo skin wound healing in aged Fisher 344 rats. We found that, in aged rats, wound healing improved in animals treated with LPA and/or ACI (relative to untreated controls), as assessed by histological analysis of reepithelialization and immunostaining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen. The age-dependent activation of mitogenic responses by LPA and ACI was confirmed in other cell types. Taken together, our findings suggest that the activation of mitogenic potential in senescent cells by LPA and/or ACI may translate into enhanced in vivo wound healing and tissue regeneration in aged animals.

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