Drugs of today (Barcelona, Spain : 1998)

The antihypertensive effectiveness and safety of dual RAAS blockade with aliskiren and valsartan.

PMID 20467589


The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a major factor for the development and maintenance of hypertension and a major cause for cardiovascular remodeling and cardiovascular complications through its active peptide angiotensin (Ang) II. Blockade of RAAS with ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) results in suppression of Ang II levels, which eventually return to baseline levels after prolonged ACEI administration. This leads to an escape phenomenon through generation of Ang II from enzymes other than ACE and led to the hypothesis that dual blockade of RAAS with an ACEI/Ang receptor blocker (ARB) combination could lead to total blockade of RAAS, since ARBs block the action of Ang II at the AT1 receptor level, irrespective of the mechanism of Ang II generation and will have an additive blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect. However, this hypothesis has not materialized clinically, as the ACEI/ARB combination produces modest BP reductions that are not significantly greater than monotherapy with the component drugs, and is frequently associated with higher incidence of side effects. A new dual RAAS blockade with the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren and the ARB valsartan produces greater BP reductions than monotherapy with the component drugs and is safe and well tolerated. The combination of aliskiren with valsartan, and with other antihypertensive drugs is discussed.