EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Journal of cellular biochemistry

Mechanisms regulating the nuclear translocation of p38 MAP kinase.


PMID 20506250

Abstract

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is of fundamental importance in a cell's response to environmental stresses, cytokines and DNA damage. p38 resides in the cytoplasm of resting cells, and translocates into the nucleus upon activation, yet the exact mechanisms remain largely unclear. We show here that the phosphorylation-dependent nuclear translocation of p38 is a common phenomenon when cells are stimulated with various stresses. On the other hand, the nuclear export of p38 requires its dephosphorylation, and it is exported both in a MK2-dependent and a nuclear export signal (NES)-independent manner. Although different p38-regulated/activated protein kinase (PRAK) mutants all dictate the intracellular localization of p38, results from a PRAK-deficient cell line indicate that it plays no role in this process. Microtubule depolymerizing reagent nocodazole and dynein inhibitor EHNA both block the nuclear translocation of p38, demonstrating roles for microtubules and dynein in p38 transport. Taken together, stress-induced nuclear accumulation of p38 is a phosphorylation-dependent, microtubule- and dynein-associated process.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

E114
EHNA hydrochloride, ≥98% (HPLC)
C14H23N5O · HCl