Journal of clinical immunology

Flow cytometric identification of CD93 expression on naive T lymphocytes (CD4(+)CD45RA (+) cells) in human neonatal umbilical cord blood.

PMID 20512406


Human CD93 has a molecular weight of about 100 kDa and is selectively expressed by myeloid cell lineages in peripheral blood (PB) mononuclear cells. Although CD93 was initially identified as a receptor for complement component 1, subcomponent q phagocytosis (C1qRp) involved in the C1q-mediated enhancement of the phagocytosis of various antigens, several recent studies have reported that CD93 is not a receptor for the C1q-mediated enhancement of phagocytosis. The expression patterns of CD93 have been previously investigated in PB mononuclear cells (lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes) from adult PB and neonatal umbilical cord blood (UCB), and the expression of CD93 was not found on lymphocytes from either normal adult PB or neonatal UCB. However, the detection of CD93 expression in neonatal UCB using CD93 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that recognize different antigenic epitopes remains poorly understood. In this study, we examined the expression of CD93 on lymphocytes, monocytes, and granulocytes from neonatal UCB using four different types of CD93 mAb detection probes, mNI-11, R139, R3, and X-2, using flow cytometric and western blot analyses. We found that CD93, as defined using all four mAbs, was expressed on monocytes and granulocytes in PB mononuclear cells from adult PB and neonatal UCB. On the other hand, we observed for the first time that the expression of CD93 on lymphocytes in neonatal UCB can only be detected using the mNI-11 mAb, established in our laboratory, and not with commercially available CD93 mAbs (R139, R3, and X-2). However, CD93 expression on lymphocytes from normal adults was not detected using any of the four CD93 mAbs. Two-color flow cytometric analyses showed that the CD93 recognized by mNI-11 mAb was expressed on CD3(+) T lymphocytes (mainly CD4(+) helper T lymphocytes), but not on CD19(+) B lymphocytes or on CD8(+) suppressor/cytotoxic T lymphocytes from neonatal UCB. In addition, CD93 was expressed on CD45RA(+) (naive antigen) lymphocytes from neonatal UCB, but not on CD45RO(+) (memory antigen) lymphocytes from neonatal UCB or on CD45RA(+) and CD45RO(+) lymphocytes from normal adult PB. Three-color flow cytometric analysis showed that CD93 was co-expressed on naive T lymphocytes (CD4(+)CD45RA(+)) from neonatal UCB. In a western blot analysis, the CD93 mAb (mNI-11) immunoprecipitated at a molecular weight of 98 kDa, identified as a CD93 molecule, in the CD4(+)CD45RA(+) cells from neonatal UCB but not from adult PB, similar to the results in the human monocyte-like cell line U937 (human CD93-positive cells). Taken together, these results provide the first direct evidence of a novel/naive cell population (CD4(+)CD45RA(+)CD93(+)) in neonatal UCB that may have an important role in cell biology, transplantation, and immature/mature immune responses.