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Behavioural brain research

p-Hydroxyamphetamine causes prepulse inhibition disruptions in mice: contribution of dopamine neurotransmission.


PMID 20540968

Abstract

It is well known that amphetamine induces disrupted prepulse inhibition (PPI) in humans and rodents. We have previously reported that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of p-hydroxyamphetamine (p-OHA) induces multiple behavioral responses, such as increased locomotor activity and head-twitch response in rodents. To reveal the characteristics of p-OHA on sensorimotor function in rodents, herein we tested the effects of p-OHA on PPI in mice. i.c.v. administration of p-OHA dose-dependently induced PPI disruptions for all prepulse intervals tested. This effect of p-OHA on PPI was attenuated by pretreatment with haloperidol or clozapine. p-OHA-induced PPI disruptions were also attenuated by pretreatment with L-741,626 (a selective D(2) receptor antagonist), L-745,870 (a selective D(4) receptor antagonist) or 6-hydroxydopamine (a neurotoxin which targets DA-containing neurons), but not by SCH 23390 (a selective D(1) receptor antagonist), eticlopride (a D(2)/D(3) receptor antagonist) or GBR 12909 (a DA-reuptake inhibitor). These results indicate that selective blockade of either the D(2) or D(4) receptor subtype may prevent disruption of PPI induced by p-OHA via presynaptic DA release.

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L135
L-741,626, ≥98% (HPLC)
C20H21ClN2O