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Experimental neurology

Brain glycogen and neurotransmitter levels in fast and slow methionine sulfoximine-selected mice.


PMID 20547153

Abstract

Brain glycogen could be considered as an energy store for neuronal activity, with high relevance in epilepsies. We selected two lines of mice based upon their latency to methionine sulfoximine (MSO) dependent-seizures: MSO-Fast and MSO-Slow, and their neurochemical characterization was attempted in order to look for the mechanisms of epileptogeny. We determined the MSO effect on brain glycogen in the two selected lines and their eight parental strains, and on indolamines and catecholamines. The increase in brain glycogen content induced by MSO is significantly lower in MSO-Fast than in MSO-Slow. At the onset of seizures the degradation of accumulated glycogen was higher in MSO-Slow mice than in MSO-Fast ones. Moreover, a positive correlation was observed between the magnitude of latency toward MSO-induced seizures and brain glycogen content in the eight parental strains used for selection. A striking proportionality between the content of glycogen and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was observed in cerebral cortices of both selected lines. However, the cortical 5-HT level is higher in MSO-Fast than in MSO-Slow, and it is significantly decreased at the onset of seizures in both lines. Brain glycogen content is implicated in the developed model of mice with different latency to MSO-dependent seizures: The higher the brain glycogen content, the longer the latency; and 5-HT is involved in the control of latency to seizures-induced by MSO in these two lines. Our model of MSO "sensitive" (MSO-Fast) and "resistant" (MSO-Slow) mice could lead to a better understanding of MSO mechanisms of epileptogenesis, and the relationship between epileptogenic and glycogenic MSO effects.