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Journal of neuroimmunology

Stimulus-dependent requirement of ion channels for microglial NADPH oxidase-mediated production of reactive oxygen species.


PMID 20554029

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by activated microglial cells play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of neuro-degenerative and neuro-inflammatory diseases. Here we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory lipid lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is capable of inducing microglial ROS production, which is mediated by the activity of NADPH oxidase. Inhibition of TRPV1 non-selective cation channels abolished ROS production in LPC-stimulated microglia, whereas inhibitors of K(+) channels, H(+) channels and Cl(-) channels had no significant effects. In contrast, activity of all four ion channel types was required for PMA-induced NADPH oxidase-mediated ROS generation, suggesting a differential, stimulus-dependent regulation of microglial ROS production by ion channel activity.

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