Acta pharmacologica Sinica

Adenosine A(1) receptor agonist N(6)-cyclohexyl-adenosine induced phosphorylation of delta opioid receptor and desensitization of its signaling.

PMID 20562901


To define the effect of adenosine A(1) receptor (A(1)R) on delta opioid receptor (DOR)-mediated signal transduction. CHO cells stably expressing HA-tagged A(1)R and DOR-CFP fusion protein were used. The localization of receptors was observed using confocal microscope. DOR-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase was measured using cyclic AMP assay. Western blots were employed to detect the phosphorylation of Akt and the DOR. The effect of A(1)R agonist N(6)-cyclohexyladenosine (CHA) on DOR down-regulation was assessed using radioligand binding assay. CHA 1 micromol/L time-dependently attenuated DOR agonist [D-Pen(2,5)]enkephalin (DPDPE)-induced inhibition of intracellular cAMP accumulation with a t(1/2)=2.56 (2.09-3.31) h. Pretreatment with 1 micromol/L CHA for 24 h caused a right shift of the dose-response curve of DPDPE-mediated inhibition of cAMP accumulation, with a significant increase in EC(50) but no change in E(max). Pretreatment with 1 micromol/L CHA for 1 h also induced a significant attenuation of DPDPE-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt. Moreover, CHA time-dependently phosphorylated DOR (Ser363), and this effect was inhibited by A(1)R antagonist 1,3-Dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX) but not by DOR antagonist naloxone. However, CHA failed to produce the down-regulation of DOR, as neither receptor affinity (K(d)) nor receptor density (B(max)) of DOR showed significant change after chronic CHA exposure. Activation of A(1)R by its agonist caused heterologous desensitization of DOR-mediated inhibition of intracellular cAMP accumulation and phosphorylation of Akt. Activation of A(1)R by its agonist also induced heterologous phosphorylation but not down-regulation of DOR.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

[D-Pen2,5]-Enkephalin hydrate, ≥95% (HPLC)
C30H39N5O7S2 · xH2O