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Analytical biochemistry

Spectrofluorometric assay for monoamine-preferring phenol sulfotransferase (SULT1A3).


PMID 20566371

Abstract

A continuous and real-time fluorometric assay for monoamine-preferring phenol sulfotransferase (SULT1A3) was developed. The methodology was based on the coupling of SULT1A1 to regenerate 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) using 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate (MUS) as a sulfuryl group donor. The fluorophore product (4-methylumbelliferone, MU) was continuously produced and monitored when SULT1A3 catalyzed dopamine sulfation with PAPS. The optimal conditions of this turnover reaction and substrate inhibition of SULT1A3 were also determined. This coupled-enzyme assay allows the continuous measurement of initial reaction velocity and the sensitivity is comparable to that of end-point radioactive isotope assay.

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M7133
4-Methylumbelliferyl sulfate potassium salt, sulfatase substrate
C10H7KO6S