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Biotechnology journal

Enhancement of glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase activity of gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase of Bacillus subtilis.


PMID 20572278

Abstract

Semisynthetic cephalosporins, the best-selling antibiotics worldwide, are derived from 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA). Currently, in the pharmaceutical industrie, 7-ACA is mainly produced from cephalosporin C by sequential application of D-amino acid oxidase and cephalosporin acylase. Here we study the potential of industrially amenable enzyme gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase from Bacillus subtilis for 7-ACA production, since the wild-type gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase of B. subtilis has inherent glutaryl-7-aminocephalosporanic acid acylase activity with a k(cat) value of 0.0485 s(-1). Its activity has been enhanced by site directed and random mutagenesis. The k(cat)/K(m) value was increased to 3.41 s(-1) mM(-1) for a E423Y/E442Q/D445N mutant enzyme and the kcat value was increased to 0.508 s(-1) for a D445G mutant enzyme. Consequently, the catalytic efficiency and the turnover rate were improved up to about 1000-fold and 10-fold, compared with the wildtype gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase of B. subtilis.

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191140
7-Aminocephalosporanic acid, 98%
C10H12N2O5S