Applied microbiology and biotechnology

Engineering of glycerol dehydrogenase for improved activity towards 1, 3-butanediol.

PMID 20585771


The objective of this study was to use protein engineering techniques to enhance the catalytic activity of glycerol dehydrogenase (GlyDH) on racemic 1, 3-butanediol (1, 3-BDO) for the bioproduction of the important pharmaceutical intermediate 4-hydroxy-2-butanone. Three GlyDH genes (gldA) from Escherichia coli K-12, Salmonella enterica, and Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH78578 were shuffled to generate a random mutagenesis library. The nitroblue tetrazolium/phenazine methosulfate high throughput screening protocol was used to select four chimeric enzymes with up to a 2.6-fold improved activity towards 1, 3-BDO. A rational design method was also employed to further improve the enzyme activity after DNA shuffling. Based on the homology model of GlyDH (Escherichia coli), Asp121 was predicted to influence 1, 3-BDO binding and replaced with Ala by site-directed mutagenesis. Combination of the mutations from both DNA shuffling and rational design produced the best mutant with a V (max) value of 126.6 U/mg, a 26-fold activity increase compared with that of the wild type GlyDH from E. coli.