Experimental parasitology

Giardia duodenalis: biochemical characterization of an ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity.

PMID 20599434


In this work, we biochemically characterized the ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity present on the surface of the living trophozoites of Giardia duodenalis. Two sequences of the 5'-nucleotidase family protein were identified in the Giardia genome. Anti-mouse CD73 showed a high reaction with the cell surface of parasites. At pH 7.2, intact cells were able to hydrolyze 5'-AMP at a rate of 10.66 ± 0.92 nmol Pi/h/10(7) cells. AMP is the best substrate for this enzyme, and the optimum pH lies in the acidic range. No divalent cations had an effect on the ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity, and the same was seen for NaF, an acid phosphatase inhibitor. Ammonium molybdate, a potent inhibitor of nucleotidases, inhibited the enzyme activity in a dose-dependent manner. The presence of adenosine in the culture medium negatively modulated the enzyme. The results indicate the existence of an ecto-5'-nucleotidase that could play a role in the salvage of purines.

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