Journal of biotechnology

Multiple-yapsin-deficient mutant strains for high-level production of intact recombinant proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

PMID 20599573


The yapsin family of aspartic proteases, located at cell surface, has a common specificity for paired or single basic reside cleavage sites of proproteins. Our previous study reported that the aberrant proteolytic cleavage of secretory recombinant human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) protein was problematic at late stages of fed-batch cultivations, even in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strain deficient in yapsin 1 (yps1Delta). To overcome this problem, we constructed a set of S. cerevisiae mutant strains lacking several members of the yapsin family through disruption of the YPS genes coding for yapsin 1, 2, 3, 6, and 7 proteases in various combinations. The multiple YPS-deletion mutant strains did not show detectable growth defects under normal growth conditions, although some of them were hypersensitive to hygromycin B, acid (pH 3.5) and alkali (pH 8.0) conditions. The quintuple disruptant (yps1Deltayps2Deltayps3Deltayps6Deltayps7Delta) was the most efficient in preventing the proteolytic degradation of hPTH in fed-batch cultivations. The present data strongly indicate the involvement of other yapsin members besides Yps1p in the proteolysis of secretory recombinant proteins, particularly under high-density growth conditions.