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Natural product research

Synthesis and structure-activity relationship studies of cytotoxic cinnamic alcohol derivatives.


PMID 20603774

Abstract

Three series of di- and trisubstituted derivatives of cinnamic alcohol and its conjugated dienol analogues were designed and synthesised. The derivatives were screened for cytotoxicity against nine tumour cell lines: KB, A549, Hela, CNE, PC-3, BEL-7404, HL-60, BGC823 and P388D1. Most of the cinnamic alcohol derivatives showed cytotoxic activity. The compound 7-(4',5'-dichlorobenzyloxy)-6,8-dihydroxycinnamic alcohol (55) exhibited significant cytotoxicity to seven human tumour cell lines on a micromolar range, especially with regard to the KB and P388D1 cell lines, showing IC(50) values of 0.4 and 0.5 µM, respectively. The structure-activity relationships of the derivatives are discussed.