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Glucose is necessary for stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha under hypoxia: contribution of the pentose phosphate pathway to this stabilization.


PMID 20621833

Abstract

In this study, we observed that low glucose or fructose reduces the increase in hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) protein under hypoxic conditions. 6-Aminonicotinamide (6-AN), an inhibitor of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), also inhibited the increase of HIF-1alpha protein under hypoxic conditions, while the reduced protein levels of HIF-1alpha by low glucose were apparently recovered by the addition of MG-132 or NADPH. Moreover, siRNA for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, which produces NADPH, reduced the increase in HIF-1alpha protein. On the other hand, cobalt-induced expression of HIF-1alpha protein was not affected by low glucose or 6-AN under normoxic conditions. In conclusion, glucose metabolism through the PPP, but not in glycolysis, plays an important role in the stabilization of HIF-1alpha protein under hypoxic conditions.

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A68203
6-Aminonicotinamide, 99%
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