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Brain & development

Levetiracetam in brain ischemia: clinical implications in neuroprotection and prevention of post-stroke epilepsy.


PMID 20630672

Abstract

Several new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have been introduced for clinical use recently. These new AEDs, like the classic AEDs, target multiple cellular sites both pre- and postsynaptically. The use of AEDs as a possible neuroprotective strategy in brain ischemia is receiving increasing attention and the antiepileptic drug levetiracetam, a 2S-(2-oxo-1-pyrrolidiny1) butanamide, belonging to the pyrrolidone family, could have a crucial role in regulation of epileptogenesis and neuroprotection. Recent observations suggest that levetiracetam is both safe and effective against post-stroke seizures. In this review, the potential neuroprotective role in brain ischemia and the therapeutic implications of levetiracetam in post-stroke epilepsy are discussed.