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The Journal of investigative dermatology

Overexpression of LEDGF/DFS70 induces IL-6 via p38 activation in HaCaT cells, similar to that seen in the psoriatic condition.


PMID 20631726

Abstract

Lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF)/dense fine speckles 70  kDa protein (DFS70) is a transcription cofactor that enhances growth and is overexpressed in various cancers. In the epidermis, LEDGF/DFS70 localizes to the nucleus of keratinocytes (KCs) in the basal layers and to the cytoplasm of cells in the upper layers. However, the biological and pathological relevance of LEDGF/DFS70 in the epidermis is virtually unknown. Compared with normal epidermis, we detected strong nuclear staining of LEDGF/DFS70 in both the spinous and basal layers of the epidermis of psoriatic skin. To investigate the roles of LEDGF/DFS70 in the epidermis of psoriatic skin, we generated HaCaT cells that constitutively express enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP)-LEDGF (EGFP-LEDGF-HaCaT) or EGFP alone (EGFP-HaCaT) as a control. EGFP-LEDGF-HaCaT cells had increased expression of IL-6, which was attenuated by LEDGF-specific RNA interference and the p38-specific inhibitors SB-239063 and SB-203580. Furthermore, EGFP-LEDGF-HaCaT cells had increased expression of S100A7 and S100A9 and decreased expression of filaggrin. These findings are compatible with the expression pattern in psoriatic tissues. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that ectopic expression of LEDGF/DFS70 in KCs could be involved in the pathology of psoriasis vulgaris.

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