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Cell biochemistry and function

Study of thiol proteases of normal human skin fibroblasts.


PMID 2065436

Abstract

The protease activity of cultured normal human skin fibroblasts was studied using the synthetic fluorigenic peptides, the modified protein 4-methylumbelliferyl-casein, the thiol inhibitors and the affinity for concanavalin A-Sepharose. The majority of the activity to N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-arginyl-7-amido-4-methyl-coumarin and N-a-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-arginyl-arginyl-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin had a pH optimum of 6.0, and was thiol-dependent and inhibited by leupeptin and antipain. The activity toward N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-arginyl-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin represents both cathepsin B and cathepsin L, whereas the activity towards 4-methylumbelliferyl-casein represent only cathepsin L. Cathepsin H could not be detected when assayed with L-arginine-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin substrate. Cathepsin D was present in comparatively small amounts when assayed with 4-methylumbelliferyl-casein. Activity towards 4-methylumbelliferyl-casein had pH optima at 3 and 6 and was stimulated by dithiothreitol. A proportion of the activity at pH 6.0 was not dependent on thiols and not inhibited by leupeptin, and had the general characteristics of a carboxyl proteinase. Over 70 per cent of the activity was in the lysosomal fraction and showed structure-linked latency. All the detectable protein emerged from the immobilized concanavalin A column and the fractions eluted by alpha-methyl-D-mannoside were significantly hydrolysed the synthetic peptides. Only that fraction which bound to concanavalin A was active towards 4-methylumbelliferyl-casein. Cathepsin B had no affinity for concanavalin A-Sepharose due to the absence of glycoprotein content, unlike cathepsin L which showed a strong affinity for concanavalin A-Sepharose.

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T8512
Activated Thiol–Sepharose® 4B, lyophilized powder