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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Synthesis and evaluation of oryzalin analogs against Toxoplasma gondii.


PMID 20675138

Abstract

The synthesis and evaluation of 20 dinitroanilines and related compounds against the obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii is reported. Using in vitro cultures of parasites in human fibroblasts, we determined that most of these compounds selectively disrupted Toxoplasma microtubules, and several displayed sub-micromolar potency against the parasite. The most potent compound was N(1),N(1)-dipropyl-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-benzenediamine (18b), which displayed an IC(50) value of 36 nM against intracellular T. gondii. Based on these data and another recent report [Ma, C.; Tran, J.; Gu, F.; Ochoa, R.; Li, C.; Sept, D.; Werbovetz, K.; Morrissette, N. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2010, 54, 1453], an antimitotic structure-activity relationship for dinitroanilines versus Toxoplasma is presented.

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