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Journal of proteome research

Mapping the subcellular proteome of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 using sarkosyl-based fractionation and LC-MS/MS protein identification.


PMID 20690604

Abstract

A simple and effective subcellular proteomic method for fractionation based on osmotic lysis, differential centrifugation, and Sarkosyl solubilization was applied to the Gram-negative bacterium Shewanella oneidensis to gain insight into its subcellular architecture. Global differences in bacterial cytoplasm, inner membrane, periplasm, and outer membrane protein fractions were observed by SDS PAGE and heme staining, and tryptic peptides were analyzed using high-resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Proteins predicted to be localized to each subcellular fraction were enriched approximately 2-fold (on average) in each fraction compared to crude cell lysates. In addition, the Sarkosyl solubilization method facilitated separation of the inner and outer membranes, making the procedure amenable for effective probing of the subcellular proteome of Gram-negative bacteria via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. With 40% of the observable proteome represented, this study provides extensive information on both subcellular architecture and relative abundance of proteins in S. oneidensis and provides a foundation for future work on subcellular organization and protein-membrane interactions in other Gram-negative bacteria.

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