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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters

Selectivity improvement of an azole inhibitor of CYP707A by replacing the monosubstituted azole with a disubstituted azole.


PMID 20692835

Abstract

The plant growth-retardant uniconazole (UNI), a triazole inhibitor of gibberellin biosynthetic enzyme (CYP701A), inhibits multiple P450 enzymes including ABA 8'-hydroxylase (CYP707A), a key enzyme in ABA catabolism. Azole P450 inhibitors bind to a P450 active site by both coordinating to the heme-iron atom via sp2 nitrogen and interacting with surrounding protein residues through a lipophilic region. We hypothesized that poor selectivity of UNI may result from adopting a distinct conformation and orientation for different active sites. Based on this hypothesis, we designed and synthesized novel UNI analogs with a disubstituted azole ring (DSI). These analogs were expected to have higher selectivity than UNI because the added functional group may interact with the active site to restrict orientation of the molecule in the active site. DSI-505ME and DSI-505MZ, which have an imidazolyl group with a methyl 5-acrylate, strongly inhibited recombinant CYP707A3, with no growth-retardant effect.

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