Journal of chromatography. A

In vivo solid-phase microextraction for single rodent pharmacokinetics studies of carbamazepine and carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide in mice.

PMID 20723905


The use of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for in vivo sampling of drugs and metabolites in the bloodstream of freely moving animals eliminates the need for blood withdrawal in order to generate pharmacokinetics (PK) profiles in support of pharmaceutical drug discovery studies. In this study, SPME was applied for in vivo sampling in mice for the first time and enables the use of a single animal to construct the entire PK profile. In vivo SPME sampling procedure used commercial prototype single-use in vivo SPME probes with a biocompatible extractive coating and a polyurethane sampling interface designed to facilitate repeated sampling from the same animal. Pre-equilibrium in vivo SPME sampling, kinetic on-fibre standardization calibration and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis (LC-MS/MS) were used to determine unbound and total circulating concentrations of carbamazepine (CBZ) and its active metabolite carbamazepine-10,11-epoxide (CBZEP) in mice (n=7) after 2mg/kg intravenous dosing. The method was linear in the range of 1-2000ng/mL CBZ in whole blood with acceptable accuracy (93-97%) and precision (<17% RSD). The single dose PK results obtained using in vivo SPME sampling compare well to results obtained by serial automated blood sampling as well as by the more conventional method of terminal blood collection from multiple animals/time point. In vivo SPME offers the advantages of serial and repeated sampling from the same animal, speed, improved sample clean-up, decreased animal use and the ability to obtain both free and total drug concentrations from the same experiment.