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Organic & biomolecular chemistry

Highly efficient macrolactonization of ω-hydroxy acids using benzotriazole esters: synthesis of Sansalvamide A.


PMID 20820651

Abstract

A facile and mild macrolactonization reaction of ω-hydroxy acids was developed based on the transesterification of benzotriazole esters. Treatment of ω-hydroxy acids with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and 1-hydroxy benzotriazole (HOBT) in chloroform provided macrolactones in excellent yields. The reactions were performed under basic, neutral and acidic conditions using N,N-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBABF(4)) and BF(3)·Et(2)O, respectively. A calcined hydrotalcite was also used instead of DMAP. Finally, to test the scope of the protocol in the synthesis of biologically relevant macrolactones, the total synthesis of Sansalvamide A was carried out.

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