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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Characterization of a thermophilic L-rhamnose isomerase from Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum NTOU1.


PMID 20822145

Abstract

L-rhamnose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.14, L-RhI) catalyzes the reversible aldose-ketose isomerization between L-rhamnose and L-rhamnulose. In this study, the L-Rhi gene encoding L-Rhi was PCR-cloned from Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum NTOU1 and then expressed in Escherichia coli. A high yield of the active L-RhI, 9780 U/g of wet cells, was obtained in the presence of 0.2 mM IPTG induction. L-RhI was purified sequentially using heat treatment, nucleic acid precipitation, and anion-exchange chromatography. The purified L-RhI showed an apparent optimal pH of 7 and an optimal temperature at 75 °C. The enzyme was stable at pH values ranging from 5 to 9, and the activity was fully retained after a 2 h incubation at 40-70 °C. L-RhI from T. saccharolyticum NTOU1 is the most thermostable L-RhI to date, and it has a high specific activity (163 U/mg) and an acceptable purity after heat treatment, suggesting that this enzyme has the potential to be used in rare sugar production.

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