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Brain research

Differential effects of adenosine A1 receptor on pain-related behavior in normal and nerve-injured rats.


PMID 20850420

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), a potent and selective adenosine A1 receptor (A1R) agonist in normal and nerve-injured rats and mechanisms of its action by behavioral tests and electrophysiological technique. The results showed: (1) In normal rats, intraperitoneal administration of CPA (1mg/kg) increased paw withdrawal latencies, in a way blocked by a selective A1R antagonist 8-cyclopentyl-1, 3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX, 3mg/kg, i.p.), but had no influence on the threshold of mechanical stimulation. (2) In rats with neuropathic pain induced by spinal nerve ligation (SNL), CPA reduced thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia, which could last 6h and 10h, respectively (n=6/group, P<0.05). Both of the effects could be blocked by pretreatment of DPCPX intraperitoneally. (3) The baseline of C-fiber but not A-fiber evoked field potentials was depressed by spinal application of CPA (0.01 mM), and this effect was prevented by application of DPCPX (0.02 mM) 30 min before CPA. (4) Spinal application of CPA depressed long-term potentiation (LTP) of A- and C-fiber evoked field potentials, and both the depression could be blocked by pretreatment of DPCPX 30 min before CPA. These results suggested that the activation of A1R has different influences on normal and neuropathic rats probably due to the absence and presence of central sensitization in spinal dorsal horn.

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