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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Synthesis of heterocycles via Pd-ligand controlled cyclization of 2-chloro-N-(2-vinyl)aniline: preparation of carbazoles, indoles, dibenzazepines, and acridines.


PMID 20858012

Abstract

The Pd-catalyzed condensation of 2-bromostyrene and 2-chloroaniline derivatives yields stable diphenylamine intermediates, which are selectively converted to five-, six-, or seven-membered heteroaromatics (indoles, carbazoles, acridines, and dibenzazepines). The selectivity of these intramolecular transformations is uniquely ligand-controlled and offers efficient routes to four important classes of heterocycles from a common precursor.