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Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)

Glyco-pseudopolyrotaxanes: carbohydrate wheels threaded on a polymer string and their inhibition of bacterial adhesion.


PMID 20859967

Abstract

We report glyco-pseudopolyrotaxanes composed of cucurbit[6]uril-based mannose wheels (ManCB[6]) threaded on polyviologen (PV), which not only effectively induce bacterial aggregation, but also exhibit high inhibitory activity against bacterial binding to host cells. Three glyco-pseudopolyrotaxanes (1-3), which have 10, 5, and 3 ManCB[6] wheels, respectively, on a PV string, were prepared and characterized. Bacterial aggregation assays and hemagglutination inhibition assays illustrated the specific and multivalent interaction between the glyco-pseudopolyrotaxanes and E. coli ORN178. Compound 3 was especially effective at inducing bacterial aggregation and showed 300 times higher inhibitory potency than monomeric methyl-α-mannoside (Me-αMan) for ORN178-induced hemagglutination. Furthermore, we demonstrated their inhibitory activities for the adhesion of ORN178 bacteria to urinary epithelial cells as a model of urinary tract infection. Our findings suggest that these supramolecular carbohydrate clusters are potentially useful in antiadhesion therapy.

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94544
Cucurbit[6]uril hydrate, contains acid of crystalization
C36H36N24O12 · xH2O