Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology

n-3 Fatty acids decrease arterial low-density lipoprotein cholesterol delivery and lipoprotein lipase levels in insulin-resistant mice.

PMID 20930167


To determine whether n-3 fatty acids (n-3) influence arterial cholesterol delivery and lipoprotein lipase (LpL) levels in insulin-resistant mice. Insulin resistance contributes to risk of cardiovascular disease. It was previously reported that saturated fat (SAT) diets increased, but n-3 diets decreased, arterial low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol deposition from LDL total and selective uptake; this was associated with increased or decreased arterial LpL, respectively. Insulin receptor transgenic knockout mice (L1) were fed a chow, SAT, or n-3 diet for 12 weeks. Double-fluorescent boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY)-cholesteryl ester (CE) and Alexa dye-labeled human LDL were injected to separately trace LDL-CE and LDL-apolipoprotein B whole particle uptake. In contrast to SAT, n-3 diets markedly reduced all plasma lipids, ameliorating progression of insulin resistance. As opposed to SAT, n-3 reduced arterial LDL uptake, CE deposition, and selective uptake. Disparate patterns of CE deposition between diets were comparable with arterial LpL distribution; SAT induced high LpL levels throughout aortic media; LpL was limited only to intima in n-3-fed mice. n-3 diets diminish arterial LDL-cholesterol deposition in mice with insulin resistance, and this is associated with changes in arterial LpL levels and distribution.