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Experimental pathology

Functional, biochemical, and histopathological evidence of airway obstruction in rats following a four-hour acute inhalation exposure to n-butyl isocyanate.


PMID 2098266

Abstract

Pulmonary function, arterial blood gases, acid-base status, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) composition were assessed in male Wistar rats after a single 4-h exposure to 0, 7.6, 23.5 or 55.2 mg n-butyl isocyanate (n-BIC)/m3 air. No significant changes other than transient clinical signs were observed in the rats exposed to 7.6 mg/m3 air. Four weeks after exposure the animals of the 55.2 mg/m3 group showed significant effects: those were pronounced histopathological changes of airways and parenchyma, and elevated relative lung weight. The neutrophils, LDH, and protein in BALF were elevated. Quasi-static lung compliance, peak expiratory flow rate, mean mid expiratory flow rate were decreased whereas lung resistance, residual volume, and single breath CO-diffusing capacity were increased. Blood gas measurements revealed an elevation in hemoglobin, pH, arterio-alveolar oxygen difference, and venous admixture. Arterial pO2 and pCO2 were decreased. In animals exposed to 23.5 mg/m3 only marginal effects were detectable.

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B95736
Butyl isocyanate, 98%
C5H9NO