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Biochemistry

p67/MetAP2 suppresses K-RasV12-mediated transformation of NIH3T3 mouse fibroblasts in culture and in athymic mice.


PMID 21033716

Abstract

In many tumor cells, the activation and activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) are very high because of the constitutive activation of the Ras-mediated signaling pathway. Here, we ectopically expressed the human homologue of rat eukaryotic initiation factor 2-associated glycoprotein, p67/MetAP2, in EGF-treated mouse embryonic NIH3T3 fibroblasts and C2C12 myoblasts and NIH3T3 cell lines expressing the constitutively active form of MAP kinase kinase (MEK) to inhibit the activation and activity of ERK1/2 MAP kinases. In addition, we also ectopically expressed rat p67/MetAP2 in oncogenic Ras-induced transformed NIH3T3 fibroblasts and inhibited their transformed phenotype both in culture and in athymic nude mice possibly by inhibiting angiogenesis. This inhibition of ERK1/2 MAP kinases is due to the direct binding with rat p67/MetAP2, and this leads to the inhibition of activity of ERK1/2 MAP kinases both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, expression of p67/MetAP2 siRNA in both NIH3T3 fibroblasts and C2C12 myoblasts causes activation and activity of ERK1/2 MAP kinases. Our results thus suggest that ectopic expression of rat p67/MetAP2 in transformed cells can inhibit the tumorigenic phenotype by inhibiting the activation and activity of ERK1/2 MAP kinases and, thus, that p67/MetAP2 has tumor suppression activity.