Biosensors & bioelectronics

SiO2/SnO2/Sb2O5 microporous ceramic material for immobilization of Meldola's blue: application as an electrochemical sensor for NADH.

PMID 21067911


The mixed oxide SiO(2)/SnO(2), containing 25 wt% of SnO(2), determined by X-ray fluorescence, was prepared by the sol-gel method and the porous matrix obtained was then grafted with Sb (V), resulting the solid designated as (SiSnSb). XPS indicated 0.7% of Sb atoms on the surface. Sb grafted on the surface contains Brønsted acid centers (SbOH groups) that can immobilize Meldola's blue (MB(+)) cationic dye onto the surface by an ion exchange reaction, resulting the solid designated as (SiSnSb/MB). In the present case a surface concentration of MB(+)=2.5×10(-11) mol cm(2) on the surface was obtained. A homogeneous mixture of the SiSnSb/MB with ultra pure graphite (99.99%) was pressed in disk format and used to fabricate a working electrode that displayed an excellent specific electrocatalytic response to NADH oxidation, with a formal potential of -0.05 V at pH 7.3. The electrochemical properties of the resulting electrode were investigated thoroughly with cyclic voltammetric and chronoamperometry techniques. The proposed sensor showed a good linear response range for NADH concentrations between 8×10(-5) and 9.0×10(-4) mol L(-1), with a detection limit of 1.5×10(-7) mol L(-1). The presence of dopamine and ascorbic acid did not show any interference in the detection of NADH on this modified electrode surface.