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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Convergent synthesis of fluorescence-labeled probes of Annonaceous acetogenins and visualization of their cell distribution.


PMID 21074443

Abstract

The convergent synthesis of fluorescence-labeled solamin, an antitumor Annonaceous acetogenin, was accomplished by two asymmetric alkynylations of 2,5-diformyl tetrahydrofuran with an alkyne tagged with fluorescent groups and another alkyne with an α,β-unsaturated γ-lactone. Assay for the growth inhibitory activity against human cancer cell lines revealed that the probe with the fluorescent groups at the end of the hydrocarbon chain may have the same mode of action as natural acetogenins. The merged fluorescence of dansyl-labeled solamin and MitoTracker Red suggests that Annonaceous acetogenins localize in the mitochondria.