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Proteomics

Proteomic analysis of endosomes from genetically modified p14/MP1 mouse embryonic fibroblasts.


PMID 21080497

Abstract

The p14/MP1 scaffold complex binds MEK1 and ERK1/2 on late endosomes, thus regulating the strength, duration and intracellular location of MAPK signaling. By organelle proteomics we have compared the protein composition of endosomes purified from genetically modified p14⁻/⁻, p14+/⁻ and p14(rev) mouse embryonic fibroblasts. The latter ones were reconstituted retrovirally from p14⁻/⁻ mouse embryonic fibroblasts by reexpression of pEGFP-p14 at equimolar ratios with its physiological binding partner MP1, as shown here by absolute quantification of MP1 and p14 proteins on endosomes by quantitative MS using the Equimolarity through Equalizer Peptide strategy. A combination of subcellular fractionation, 2-D DIGE and MALDI-TOF/TOF MS revealed 31 proteins differentially regulated in p14⁻/⁻ organelles, which were rescued by reexpression of pEGFP-p14 in p14⁻/⁻ endosomes. Regulated proteins are known to be involved in actin remodeling, endosomal signal transduction and trafficking. Identified proteins and their in silico interaction networks suggested that endosomal signaling might regulate such major cellular functions such as proliferation, differentiation, migration and survival.